The culture of Gabala
Not far from the Nij village, at the Yalolu-Tepeh mountain, archeologists found an ancient settlement.
That settlement dating to III-I centuries B.C., thus providing a rich historical-archeological resource for study.
As result of excavations, there are discoveries as iron knives, daggers, swords, brass rings, golden earrings, stone grinds unique ceramic dishware and jugs.
As well as discoveries consisting of the archeological culture of the antique period.
This culture cover in the north mountainous and steppe regions of Azerbaijan and bears the name of Yalolu-Tepe culture.
Gabala’s history is also rich in nature and is one of the most striking pages of Azerbaijani history. The name of this place is first mentioned by the ancient city of Gabala, which has been the capital of the ancient Caucasian Albania for 900 years (from the fourth century BC to the fifth century BCE) and its magnificent castle walls. Ancient Gabala, located 20 km south-west of the district, along the Corlu and Black rivers in the northeastern part of present-day Cukur Gabala, is famous for its grandeur, an important political, economic and commercial center with ancient and famous cities like Babylon, Troy, Pompeii, Carthage. are being compared. The 2,400-year-old city of Gabala, named after the ancient Silk Road, was named by the Roman scholar Greater Plinini Kabalaka, the Greek geographer Claudius Ptolemy (2nd century) and the Arabian historian Balazuri (IX century). For the first time, the Azerbaijani scientist A.Bakikhanov (19th century) showed that Kabala or Khabala was called Gabala in the Gulustan-Iram work. At the end of the XVIII century the Qabala Sultan was called Gabala. It was replaced by accidents and during that time was involved in the Nukha (Sheki) accident of Elzavetapol (Ganja) province of Gabala.
The culture of Gabala: More than 90 cultural monuments are registered and protected in the region.
The Gabala Historical and Cultural Reserve was established in 1985 to protect the remains of the ancient city of Gabala and many archaeological finds found around it. A great millennium BC in the village of the Great Emily, south of Soltannuxa village, the Church of the 4th Century Alban Church (temple), Necrapol, antique period in the Nic village, the Fourth-14th Century Maiden Tower in the south of the Yengice village. Surkhay fortress, XIV-XV century tombs complex in Hazra village, Komurad mausoleum in north-west of Dizakhli village, Monument in Gabala, 8-hole mosque of XVIII century, XIX-XIX century mosque IB Kutgashinli’s home museum and graveyard monument are “historical pearls” of the district, and cannot attract the attention of visitors.
The home museum of the prominent Azerbaijani writer, military and public figure IB Kutgashinli was created in the region in 1985-1986 and the writer’s tomb was reconstructed. Since 1988 the richest museum of local lore has been operating in the district center. In 2006, a museum and electronic library were opened in the district center to perpetuate the life and activity of the prominent statesman, nationwide leader Heydar Aliyev, who has led the country for more than 30 years. Ismayil bey Kutgashinli, (1806-1869) Ibrahimbay Musabeyov (1880-1942), Umnisa Mrs. Musabayova (1902-1974), Yusif Musabeyov (1910-1970), Vahid Gahramanov (1900-1978) He has gifted dozens of outstanding personalities such as Mardov (1913-1982), Khalil Alimirzayev (1918-1976), Alakbar Karimov (1910-1983), Ashraf Alimirzayev (1910-1982) and Jahangir Gahramanov (1927-1995). One academician of ANAS, 4 correspondent members of ANAS, 1 correspondent member of the International Academy of History and Philosophy in Paris, more than 20 doctors of science, more than 100 candidates of sciences.
There are 93 immovable historical and cultural monuments in the territory of Gabala region.
Of these monuments, 1 is of global importance, 31 are of national importance, and 61 are of local significance. There are 17 monuments of architecture, 69 monuments of archeology, 4 of them are examples of decorative and applied arts, 2 of them are related to parks, monuments and memorials. There is the Jalil Mammadguluzadeh Folk Theater, the Zopu Zopu Ethnographic Folk Dance Ensemble at the House of Culture in Bum settlement, and the Gabala District School of Arts established in 1969 on the initiative of the conductor Maestro Niyazi. The main fund of the Gabala Museum of History and Ethnography, established in 1980, is home to 13,000 exhibits reflecting the 2,400-year history of Gabala. Archeological, numismatic materials, examples of folk art, ancient manuscripts and printed books are of particular interest. The museum has branches of the memorial house of IB Kutgashinli and the Museum of Martyrs. The museum has 13 exposition halls, a fund, an Heydar Aliyev memorial room, a photo gallery, a rich scientific library and an open-air exhibition area from ancient stone monuments.