The cure tour in Gabala, Azerbaijan
The development of a chain of recreation centers commenced in Azerbaijan in the XX century.
This process became possible owing to the favorable climatic conditions, the various mineral waters, curative muds and oil resources.
Thus, the classification of natural recreational resorts was carried out and the relevant infrastructure was created.
There are over thirty sites in the area of the Greater Caucasus where there are mineral waters sources with small concentration of minerals.
They contain various thermal and cold forms of sulfur and organic substances.
Currently, the Yengija and Gamarvan sources of thermal water function as resorts.
Due to their curative features, they hold the first place not only in Azerbaijan, but also throughout the region.
Gamarvan (the Source called Chomcha) is the source of mineral water, located 5 km from the valley of the Bum river, at an attitude of 1388 meters above the sea level.
The natural temperature is +39,2 C.
This water is rich in sulfuric and iron-content substance.
In 1965-1966 and 1973-1977, a special laboratory in Saint-Petersburg carried out an analysis of the chemical characteristics of the mineral waters from the wells at Gamarvan and Yengija.
As a result of this research, it was established that the waters contained siliceous substances (30-40 mg/l) and sulfur (3-12 mg/l), with total mineral content of 1, 52-1, 79 gr/l.
The daily output of the well at Gamarvan is 50 thousand liters.
Due to both its physical and chemical characteristics, the curative importance of Gamarvan is equal to that of the famous mineral water of Kuldur on the Lberian Peninsula (Western Europe).